Photo Exhibit Captures Pulse Of Kelantan’s Traditional Arts

ariff awalludin, Arts, brehi: kelantan under the skin, Culture, Malaysia, National Art Gallery, soraya yusof talismail

Ariff Awaluddin and Soraya Yusof Talismail, husband-and-wife artists/photographers, are no strangers to the state of Kelantan. Over 10 years ago, they made visits and photographic excursions to the East Coast state which is famed for its traditional art forms and cultural heritage.

They are not the first to document the arts there.

But in their collaborative photography series Brehi: Kelantan, Under The Skin, the couple wanted to specifically capture the pulse and energy of the practitioners and people in the Kelantan arts scene.

The complex issues regarding the survival of these traditional performances still persist today in Kelantan with the PAS-led state government prohibiting traditional art forms like mak yong along with menora, wayang kulit and main puteri.

That didn’t stop Ariff and Soraya, as independent cultural archivists, from compiling a lively photo series, which have now been turned into a book and exhibition.

These photographs – taken from 10 trips made to Kota Baru between 2005 and 2006 – can now be viewed at the Brehi: Kelantan, Under The Skin exhibition at the National Art Gallery in KL.

The photo book accompanying this exhibition Brehi, which means “desire”, contains over 80 black and white and colour photos showcasing the couple’s study of five Kelantanese art forms: wayang kulit, menora, dikir barat, main puteri and mak yong.

A work titled Eh Chom Dan Penari, Menora.

Brehi accentuates the human side of these art forms, showcasing the images of the people behind these performances from tok dalangs, singers, choreographers, musicians and dancers, and even the audience members of these shows.

“The book aims to demystify these (traditional) art forms and make them accessible to the public,” says Soraya, 50.

At the gallery, the Brehi: Kelantan, Under The Skin photographs are exhibited in a unique way, with specific areas dedicated to a particular art form. There is even a wayang kulit theatre platform built as an installation work.

The idea is to give the exhibition a feel of an actual performance, with the performers and audience being inseparable.


Visitors pose for a photo at the Brehi: Kelantan, Under The Skin exhibition at the National Art Gallery. Photo: The Star/Low Lay Phon

“They clap in unison and build up so much energy, and then suddenly and abruptly, it ends, with a deafening silence,” she adds.

One of the most striking images, however, is the face of man contorted with wild delight.

According to Ariff, 63, this person was a mentally-challenged man who had come to watch one of the shows.

“It was a mak yong performance. He really enjoyed himself, being caught in the moment. He stayed from the beginning to the end,” recalls Ariff.

“We knew we had to do something with all the material we had. And we need to expose this side of Kelantan to the masses.”


A photograph titled Main Puteri 7.

These art forms have also survived and evolved through time.

“There are very creative people keeping them alive. For example, take the dikir barat. The tukang karut has to be very aware of his surroundings. He has to be able to talk about politics, economics, everything around him … not only in Kelantan but in Malaysia and the rest of the world!” explains Ariff, referring to the tukang karut, the leader of a dikir barat group.

“Brehi is not just the performers and the musicians. It is also about the audience. They are so colourful. We fell in love with the people in Kelantan,” he adds.

The Brehi: Kelantan, Under The Skin photography series was shot entirely on film.


The husband-and-wife artist duo Ariff and Soraya want to present a human side to Kelantanese traditional arts. Photo: The Star/Low Lay Phon

Soraya agrees that Kelantan is special as it is seen the cradle of Malay arts and heritage.

“This attachment to culture is so much part of the people there. It’s very fascinating and inspiring all at once,” she points out.

The Brehi: Kelantan, Under The Skin exhibition is on at the National Art Gallery, Jalan Temerloh, off Jalan Tun Razak in KL till Feb 3. Opening hours: 10am to 6pm daily. Visit for more information. For more info on the Brehi book (RM250), email:

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